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Understanding Senate Bill 721: A Guide for Apartment Building Owners

Updated: Apr 10

Apartment building and condominium owners in California face unique challenges, particularly concerning resident safety and security. Senate Bill 721 (SB 721) stands as a crucial legislative measure that property owners must grasp fully to fulfill their obligations and legal mandates.

Aimed at addressing balcony collapses and structural deficiencies in multi-unit residences, SB 721 introduces new inspection and maintenance standards for property owners. In this comprehensive guide, we will delve into the essential aspects of SB 721 and equip property owners with the necessary information to comply with the law and safeguard their properties and occupants.

Overview of Senate Bill 721

Senate Bill 721, also known as the Balcony Safety Act, was enacted in response to tragic incidents such as the Berkeley balcony collapse, which claimed six lives. The law aims to prevent similar tragedies by requiring regular inspections of exterior elevated elements, including balconies, decks, stairways, and walkways, in properties with three or more units.

SB 721 mandates inspections at least once every six years to evaluate the structural integrity of these elements and identify potential hazards that could jeopardize tenants' safety.

Applicability & Scope

Senate Bill 721, commonly referred to as the Balcony Safety Act, carries significant implications for property owners throughout California. The law mandates rigorous inspection and maintenance protocols, primarily targeting buildings with three or more units and exterior elevated elements exceeding six feet in height. Property managers play a crucial role in ensuring compliance with these regulations to uphold tenant safety. Key points to note include:

Who Can Inspect:

Inspections must be conducted by licensed structural engineers or architects to ensure thorough assessment.

Property Owners:

Owners are required to maintain detailed inspection reports, documenting findings and recommendations for necessary repairs or maintenance.


Strict deadlines are established, necessitating timely submission of inspection reports to local building departments.

Failure To Adhere:

Non-compliance with SB 721 may result in penalties and legal consequences for property owners.

By prioritizing compliance with SB 721, property owners can create safer living environments for their tenants, mitigating risks and fulfilling their responsibilities as stewards of property safety.

Inspection Requirements

One of the primary obligations imposed by SB 721 is the mandatory inspection of exterior elevated elements in covered properties. These inspections must be conducted by licensed structural engineers or architects.

The assessments should evaluate the structural integrity of balconies, decks, stairways, and walkways to identify signs of deterioration, water damage, or other potential hazards. Property owners must retain inspection reports, including findings and recommendations for repairs or maintenance.

Timelines & Compliance Deadlines

SB 721 establishes mandatory timelines and compliance deadlines that property owners must comply with. Inspections must occur at least once every six years, with property owners required to submit a report to the local building department within 45 days of completion.

If hazardous conditions are identified during inspections, property owners must promptly address them to ensure tenant safety. Failure to comply with SB 721's inspection and maintenance requirements can lead to penalties and legal consequences.

Responsibilities of Property Owners

As guardians of their properties, owners bear a significant responsibility to maintain safety and livability. Compliance with SB 721 is paramount, serving not only as a legal obligation but also as a crucial measure to safeguard tenant welfare and mitigate the risk of preventable accidents.

By prioritizing regular inspections and proactive maintenance of exterior elevated elements, property owners demonstrate their commitment to ensuring a secure and comfortable living environment for residents.

Regular Inspections and Maintenance:

  • Conduct frequent inspections of exterior elevated elements, engaging licensed professionals for thorough assessments.

  • Maintain detailed inspection reports, documenting findings and recommendations for necessary repairs or maintenance.

Timely Resolution of Hazards:

  • Act promptly upon identifying potential hazards during inspections, and implementing necessary repairs or maintenance measures.

  • Ensure compliance with established timelines and deadlines for hazard resolution.

Proactive Risk Mitigation:

  • Take a proactive approach to identify and address potential hazards before escalation, investing in preventive maintenance strategies.

  • Implement measures to enhance structural integrity, such as reinforcement or repairs.

Tenant Safety and Well-being:

  • Prioritize tenant safety as a primary concern, communicating openly regarding inspection schedules and necessary maintenance or repairs.

  • Foster trust and security among tenants by demonstrating a commitment to property safety.

By adhering to these principles and integrating them into property management practices, owners can fulfill their responsibilities and create a safer, more secure living environment for tenants.

Financial Implications

While compliance with SB 721 may entail additional expenses, neglecting safety measures carries far greater costs. Balcony collapses and structural failures can lead to significant property damage, legal liabilities, and reputational harm.

By allocating resources to ensure the structural integrity of their buildings, property owners can mitigate the risk of costly accidents and safeguard their investments in the long run.


Senate Bill 721 represents a crucial step towards improving multi-family dwelling safety in California and preventing tragic incidents like the Berkeley balcony collapse. Property owners and managers play a vital role in ensuring compliance with the legislation and maintaining property structural integrity.

By understanding SB 721 provisions and fulfilling obligations, property owners can create safer living environments for tenants and protect assets from potential risks and liabilities. Compliance with SB 721 is not only a legal requirement but also a moral imperative to prioritize tenant well-being and safety.

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